Therefore you are inexcusable, O man, whoever you are who judge, for in whatever you judge another you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things. But we know that the judgment of God is according to truth against those who practice such things. And do you think this, O man, you who judge those practicing such things, and doing the same, that you will escape the judgment of God? Or do you despise the riches of His goodness, forbearance, and longsuffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance? But in accordance with your hardness and your impenitent heart you are treasuring up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God, who “will render to each one according to his deeds”: eternal life to those who by patient continuance in doing good seek for glory, honor, and immortality; but to those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness—indignation and wrath, tribulation and anguish, on every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek; but glory, honor, and peace to everyone who works what is good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. For there is no partiality with God.
For as many as have sinned without law will also perish without law, and as many as have sinned in the law will be judged by the law (for not the hearers of the law are just in the sight of God, but the doers of the law will be justified; for when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do the things in the law, these, although not having the law, are a law to themselves, who show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and between themselves their thoughts accusing or else excusing them) in the day when God will judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel.
This is a contrast between righteous living and unrighteous living. We would do well to take note that the description of unrighteous living begins with judging others! Paul clearly defines that we are judged by God for our actions; what we do and how we treat others. It makes no difference if we are under any kind of law or not, we will be judged regardless. This is clearly in line with what God has demonstrated through time. Punishment for sin came on both the Jew and the Gentile. Paul is also warning of the consequences of unrighteous living. Believer or non-believer, if we sin, if we live an unrighteous life we will be judged for that. Can we see this? When we believe, our actions are to follow in obedience to that belief. It is not enough to hear, we must obey. “for not the hearers of the law are just in the sight of God, but the doers of the law will be justified; ” We will not be judged on what we heard, we will be judged on what we do. It is enough to see to it that we are obeying what we receive from God, there isn’t time to judge another. Once we start that we have left the focus of our sharing, we have strayed from obedience. What is self-seeking? “but to those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth,” Is it looking to ourselves for answers, it t reliance on our own judgment? Is it setting ourselves up as better than another? It is so important to keep a right and true perspective, realizing our purpose is to do the will of God. In that place there is no room to look at others as a self-appointed judge; rather to see their need for a savior and a relationship that seeks God’s will.